Brela, Croatia

By TRANSFERS in CROATIA

BRELA, Makarska riviera

Brela is a municipality in the Split-Dalmatia county of Croatia, that consists of two villages: Brela and Gornja Brela.

Village Brela is located on the Adriatic coastline of Dalmatia, about 15 km northwest of Makarska and 41 km from Split, and it is well connected to both cities. Brela is actually situated in the hinterland of mountain Biokovo (almost the whole settlement is situated inside the Natural Park Biokovo).

The name of the place comes from the springwater, called vrilo or vrelo by the locals, and from vrulja, located under the surface of the sea. The one that Brela got its name from is vrulja ( springwater from under the sea), that comes from an unknown river and is located at about  twenty metres under the sea surface. Other than the strongest springwater, there are also smaller ones that are mixing with the sea water.

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When it comes to the history of  tourism in Brela the story dates to the 17th century and it is impoortant to mention  he bishop of the diocese of Makarska – Nikola Bjanković. He  has built the oratory of the St Philip Neri Order and the church of the Our Lady of Mount Carmel in the “Soline” area in Brela and is known admirer of nature in Brela. It is told that he used to spend his spare time to visit Brela, and sit and meditate under one of the oldest and the most beautiful pine trees, which grew out of the rock and leaned over the sea. The natives have named that unique pine-tree after him the Bjanković pine-tree, and it was situated in front of the present Hotel “Soline”. Unfortunately, during the construction works at this hotel, the pine-tree was destroyed by the incredible lack of care of the builders. On 350th anniversary of birth day of the Bishop Bjanković in 1995, the Matica hrvatska – Brela chapter, planted the new pine tree and put up in memory of the Bishop Bjanković.

Brela is also full of natural phenomena, some of which are :  the cave Pozjata – the big cavern which in the past saved many lives of cattle breeders, farmers, hunters, and others who sheltered from bad weather, very changeable at this area, than the pit Zmajevača – the cave accessible to every nature fan. The entrance is only 70 cm, and for the descent it is recommended to use the rope and the lighting, Šuplja stina (hollow cliff) or “Biokovsko oko” (the Biokovo eye)  – situated on the peak of Biokovo, above Brela. It is a natural phenomenon through which a marvellous view on Brela extends. This cliff seems like a huge eye with which Biokovo watches over the Littoral part and protects its people and many many more, but let’s not forget the most recognizable natural phenomenon of Brela – Kamen Brela (the Brela stone), a rock that stumbled form the mountain Biokovo in the sea a very long time ago, just of the main beach the Punta Rata beach. It has overgrown pine trees ans it seems like the Brela stone emerges from the sea.  In 2003 American magazine Forbes put the Punta Rata beach on the list of 10 world’s most beautiful beaches, where it’s ranked 6th in the world and 1st in Europe.